The Colgate Scene
May 2001
Table of contents

  Inside the House: Former Members of Congress Reveal How Congress Really Works
Edited by Lou Frey, Jr. '55 and Michael T. Hayes, University Press of America, Washington, 2001.

book that gave the reader an inside look at the Congress from a personal viewpoint. Both teachers and students asked me to put together a book that incorporated the information they obtained during our informal lectures and talks. On one of those trips, to Colgate, I met Professor Michael Hayes. He and I decided to work together to produce such a book.

     After spinning our wheels for more than a year trying to co-author a book on Congress, we realized that what we should be doing was drawing on the lectures developed by the various former members who had participated in the Congress to Campus program. I began contacting former members in 1996. The end result is 44 chapters on Congress written by almost 40 former members of the U.S. House and one former lobbyist [Bert Levine '63, who worked for Johnson & Johnson and now teaches at Rutgers]. The list includes men and women, Republicans and Deomocrats, and members whose careers span the last four decades.

     I would like to give special thanks to Professor Hayes, chairman of the political science department. He has labored long and hard on this project, and it has been his guidance and wise advice that have molded this book. He has edited and helped structure every chapter. Michael has a wonderful sense of history and love for our institutions of government. I have had the privilege of teaching in his classes and know how well received he is by the students.

     This book will take you behind the bare bones outline of how Congress works and how a bill gets passed, to look at how real people, your friends and neighbors, react and act when they are in the toughest political league in the world -- the United States Congress.

-- former Rep. Lou Frey, Jr. (R-Fla.), from the Preface

A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict
By Peter Ackerman '68 and Jack DuVall '68, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2000. 544 pp.

In this tour de force, Peter Ackerman, an authority on nonviolent strategy, and Jack DuVall, a veteran writer, tell how popular movements have used nonviolent weapons to overthrow dictators, obstruct military invaders and secure human rights in country after country over the past century.

     A gripping narrative of far-flung locations and history-changing crises, A Force More Powerful depicts how nonviolent sanctions -- such as strikes, boycotts and civil disobedience -- can separate brutal regimes from their means of control. It reveals the inside stories of how ordinary people took extraordinary action and ended oppression, including the Danes' valiant resistance to the Nazis, Solidarity's defeat of Polish communism, civic action in Chile to remove a military dictator -- and how nonviolent power continues to change the world today, from Burma to the Balkans.

     Filled with vivid insights about compelling individuals -- such as Mohandas Gandhi, the young African Americans who sparked the civil rights revolution, Lech Walesa, the mothers of the disappeared in Argentina -- this book is a companion to a new PBS series and a feature- length documentary of the same name now at film festivals world- wide. At a time when violent force is still too often chosen as the means of conflict, this book meets a crucial need -- by showing how people can achieve freedom and justice without using violence.

-- from the dust jacket

Man Made: A Memoir of My Body
By Ken Baker '92, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, New York, 2001. 281 pp.

by Walt Shepperd '62

In the fall of 1991 Ken Baker drove twice weekly from Colgate to an internship at the Syracuse New Times. That winter he would battle for the starting goalie position on a hockey team that had gone to the NCAA finals in 1990. Despite experiencing some on-ice success, Baker's future was in journalism, not hockey, and after graduation he went to work at the ABC News Washington bureau and earned a master's degree at Columbia Journalism. He then moved to People and now works at US magazine.

     Immersing himself in a real-world discipline may have been a reaction to the intense macho posturing of hockey. "I've never heard a father tell his son to `be a male'," he notes in Man Made, a memoir with a unique perspective on gender, and what differentiates men from women. "For most guys, being male is the easy part; it's being a man that poses the real challenge."

     Male comes from nature, the plumbing observed at birth. But as Baker struck poses to pass as one of those guys who live to score on the ice and off, his plumbing was springing leaks odd enough to pose serious questions about his identity. On occasion his nipples lactated a milky fluid. That, combined with his need to shave only once every couple of months, "boobies" almost as big as his girlfriend's and an inability to achieve an erection, cast him into a realm of otherness in his mind.

     That perspective helped him develop a New Times cover story exploring the projected impact of the then-recently passed Americans with Disabilities Act. He spent a day in a manually powered wheelchair to identify with the frustrations of people whose lives were limited by cracks in the sidewalks or the high shelves in stores. He had already done some academic investigation into the physical plant difficulties Colgate and other older eastern universities would face in trying to adapt to the ADA.

     On campus, Baker's frustrations with his unexplained condition took a heavy toll on his self-image. "Beneath my veneer of confidence, though, I believe I am an un-athletic fraud who hardly deserves a hockey scholarship," he writes, "let alone to be the object of college townie idol worship." A campus celebrity, he is invited to all the big parties but only rarely goes.

     As a Hollywood correspondent for People, with what many would consider a satisfactorily developing career, Baker cut short a flirtatious encounter with Drew Barrymore as he fled in fear from his inability to perform. All the while, whatever was wrong gave him headaches so bad he often conducted telephone conversations while lying flat on his back with an ice pack on his head.

     In his testosterone-driven world, Baker was more than hesitant to seek help to find out what was wrong. Eventually he found that testosterone is part of the problem. Rather, it's a lack of testosterone his body experiences; the level in his body is suppressed by a female hormone released into his system by a chestnut-sized tumor on his brain.

     While Man Made is for the most part a continuing chronicle of one person's depression and devastation, the narrative is characterized by an ironic humor, a detached point of view that never slips into bitterness or self-pity. Whether describing the meticulous preparation for and stumbling flight from the encounter with Drew Barrymore, the skewed role modeling of his father delighting in the pain of passing kidney stones or the boyish anticipation of the big-time college hockey recruiting phone call, Baker's telling of the story is as compelling as the tale itself.

     Five hours of brain surgery gave him a new life, but the clinical diagnosis reveals the amazing journey he has traveled. The first page of Man Made explains the story before it begins. Tersely, in bold print, the items are listed. "Prolactin: A hormone that women secrete to produce breast milk. Prolactin level in the blood of an average male = 10 nanograms per milliliter. Prolactin level of a nursing mother = 200 nanograms per milliliter. Author's prolactin level on October 16, 1997 = 1,578 nanograms per milliliter.

     Now married and playing hockey again after an eight-year layoff, Baker reflects: "With those years remanded to memories, I can now view my hormonal crisis as a gift. By possessing more than 150 times the normal level of prolactin, and experiencing the related effects of testosterone depletion, I was able to journey to a biological place few men will ever know. My entire being approached a state of biochemical femaleness, and my manhood today is stronger because of it . . . Heck, a few hormones here and there and men really aren't that different from women."

Pure Piano Panoramas
Original compositions performed by Jeff Bjorck '83, 2001, playing time 56:09.

by Suzanne Christensen '00

Jeff Bjorck describes his work as "quiet music to calm the heart in a noisy world." Many of the 11 original compositions on this, his sophomore release, are tributes to those most precious to him. Listeners will find their own loved ones in "Remembering Gramma," "Your Love Has Made Me Fly" and "Day Without Sun." Other pieces are reflections of the beauty and joy he finds in the world around him.

     Marvelously interwoven with Bjorck's original compositions are innovative arrangements of traditional Christian hymns. "O, The Deep, Deep Love of Jesus," the first track on the CD, immediately takes the listener into a peaceful place and sets the mood for what's to come.

     Reminiscent of George Winston, the personal themes reflected in Bjorck's music invite the listener to join him in "a restful place, as far away from everyday chaos as possible."

     For more information about Bjorck's music or to purchase CDs, go to The CD is available for free download at's digital MP3 section.

A Doctor's Life
By I.J. Rosefsky with Rick Marsi '69, Brundage Publishing, Binghamton, NY, 2000. 169 pp.

In a society threatened by drug abuse, domestic violence and the breakdown of family life, I.J. Rosefsky and his story represent a beacon of hope. The orphaned son of immigrant parents, Dr. Rosefsky sold newspapers on the street to earn money for college, worked his way through medical school and went on to become one of his community's most beloved pediatricians and philanthropists. After practicing 58 years in his hometown of Binghamton, I.J. Rosefsky retired in 1998 to paint, travel and write these memoirs. Should you or a loved one be in need of a role model, look no further. You will find one on every page of this book.

     Marsi is a writer, photographer, naturalist and lecturer. He has written two previous books, Wheel of Seasons and Once Around the Sun. Both are available at

Dear Daughter Love, Dad and Are You Happy
By John Silas '52, Moxie Publishing, Hollis, NH, 2000.

John Silas's fifth and sixth books offer loving advice and wise insight in small packages. Silas, who has previously written about hockey (with assists to Colgate coaches Don Vaughan and the late Terry Slater) and given counsel to sons, is back with wisdom aimed at daughters (he has two, Kim and Kathy) and pages of attributes and characteristics of happy people.

     Silas offers fatherly advice that is at once straightforward ("Save") and loving ("Throughout your life you should be as happy as you can be. So figure out what makes you happy").

     There aren't a lot of surprises in these little books. Rather, the power is in the gathering of time-tested wisdom and the reinforcement that can be gained from flipping through them. JDH

Chaim Potok: A Critical Companion
By Sanford Sternlicht MA'55, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 2000. 154 pp.

This critical companion provides an up-to-date, detailed biography of Chaim Potok, examining his life as a man, as a rabbi and as an artist. A literary heritage chapter explores the influences on Potok's writings, both literary and spiritual. This section helps students of all backgrounds understand the basic tenets and the important distinctions within contemporary Judaism. This discussion also examines what it means to be a Jewish-American writer. Full literary analysis of Potok's eight novels is provided, each book with its own chapter. A specially selected bibliography of reviews, criticism, and biographical information completes this volume.

     Sternlicht teaches in Syracuse University's English Department and Judaic Studies Program. He is a series editor for Syracuse University Press.

Military Capabilities for a European Defence
By Rachel Anne Lutz '94, Danish Institute of International Affairs, Copenhagen, 2001. 97 pp.

A unique element of the European Union's European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) is its recognition of a correlation between the EU's political and economic instruments of power and its military capabilities. Combined, these different instruments make the EU a unique security actor, well suited to meeting the multifaceted challenges of the current political-strategic environment.

     This analysis looks at the current military capabilities of the EU and its Member States in light of the expectations it has set for itself through, primarily, the Headline Goal and Petersberg Tasks. Are current military capabilities sufficient for meeting the EU's expectations? If not, how can shortcomings be addressed in order to ensure the credibility and effectiveness of ESDP? Finally, possible solutions available to the EU are weighed against considerations of time, cost, efficiency and, perhaps most importantly, the EU's desire to maintain operational and political autonomy of ESDP.

     Lutz, who majored in international relations and German, has a masters in European politics and political administration from the College of Europe. She previously worked at the EastWest Institute's Prague Centre. She has been with DUPI since January 2000.

-- From the cover

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