The Colgate Scene
July 2001
Table of contents
Reviews

Storm on the Horizon
By Justus D. Doenecke '60, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 2000. 551 pp.

Between 1939 and 1941, from the time that Germany invaded Poland until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Americans engaged in a debate as intense as any in U.S. history. In Storm on the Horizon, prominent historian Justus Doenecke analyzes the personalities, leading action groups and major congressional debates surrounding the decision to participate in World War II. Doenecke is the first scholar to place the anti-interventionist movement in a wider framework by focusing on its underlying military, economic and geopolitical assumptions.

     Doenecke addresses key questions such as: How did the anti-interventionists perceive the ideology, armed potential and territorial aspirations of Germany, the British Empire, Japan and the Soviet Union? To what degree did they envision Nazi Germany as a bulwark against the Soviet Union? What role would the United States play in a world increasingly composed of competing economic blocs and military alliances? Storm on the Horizon is certain to become the definitive study of this tumultuous time and will require readers to reevaluate their understanding of the United States' entry into World War II.

Doenecke is professor of history at New College of the University of South Florida and is the author of several books.
Comrades At Odds: The United States and India, 1947-1964
By Andrew J. Rotter, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2000. 337 pp.

This is a book about relations between the United States and India from 1947 to 1964. I confess to feeling a slight urge to disavow that statement. A university press editor (not mine) once told me that the words "India" or "Spain" in a book title are death on sales, which tempted me briefly to remove "India" and substitute for it an ugly but provocative metonym, perhaps "snakes" or "burning bodies." I resisted, because in the end I insist on the intrinsic importance of relations between the world's two largest democracies, between people of such interest and diversity as Indians and Americans. Relations between the two nations had profound implications for hundreds of millions in the United States and India, and an impact as well on millions of others in countries affected by American and Indian behavior. During the period of the study, the United States was committed to fighting the Cold War, while Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian prime minister and foreign minister, promoted "nonalignment," a path between the competing ideologies of the two Cold War camps. Partly because of this, the two nations were often at odds in their interpretations of world events: wars in Korea and Vietnam, the deployment of atomic weapons by the great powers, the legacies of colonialism and the meanings of nationalism in Asia and Africa, the danger of expansion by communist states, and so on. And Indo-American relations were marked by controversy -- over the disposition of Kashmir state, the question of food aid for India, the American decision to supply India's rival Pakistan with arms and to enlist Pakistan in Asian military alliances, and the American approach to India's border war with China in 1962.

     But the book is also something else: it is an attempt to apply cultural analysis to the study of relations between nations, in this case the United States and India. Its premise is that one can understand how peoples or nations relate to each other only with reference to cultures. While I do not denigrate the importance of studying Indo-U.S. relations for their own sake, they serve here rather as a means to the grander end of understanding the history of U.S. foreign relations, and international relations more generally, as a product in part of culture.

-- From the Preface

Rotter is professor of history at Colgate.
Emergency Incident Rehabilitation
By Edward T. Dickinson '82, MD and Michael A. Wieder, Brady/Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2000. 129 pp.

Emergency Incident Rehabilitation provides firefighters and other emergency responders with the most comprehensive presentation of emergency incident rehabilitation operations to date. It explores rehab operations in the contexts of both the tactics of fire operations and the provision of medical evaluation, monitoring and treatment. The book sets out nuts-and-bolts information that can be used by emergency operations of any size. The information contained in this book will allow departments to meet the intent of NFPA 1500 and is in agreement with the principles of the National Fire Service Incident Management System (IMS).

     All of the basic functions that must be performed in a rehab operation are covered in detail and in a logical order that allows them to be easily implemented.

     Rehab's position in the Incident Management System and standard emergency scene tactical operations is clearly defined and explained.

     Information on the medical evaluation of emergency personnel is presented from an emergency responder's perspective.

     An entire chapter is devoted to the types of food and drink that should be provided on the emergency scene.

-- From the dust jacket


[Zoom]


Lazybones
Outrageous Fortune, King Ravine Records. 50:10.

Outrageous Fortune, Rod Thomas '79 and Chris Welles (with Bob Ferry and Cheryl McMahan Pongratz), plays "upbeat folk and swing" and that's the formula that makes Lazybones such a contagious delight. It doesn't hurt that Welles has a stunningly beautiful voice and that Thomas weighs in with terrific harmonies and lots of great harmonica playing.

     In fact, Thomas was often spied crossing campus while toodling on one of his harmonicas and played with Jim LaMothe '80 in their Blues Brothers routine between songs at Thirteen concerts.

     After graduation Thomas put aside the harmonicas to concentrate on work as a freelance illustrator. Fifteen years later, Thomas was, "gripped once again by harp fever and started playing all the time." He met Welles at a church talent show, discovered they loved the same music and began playing open mike nights all around Boston. After opening for folk luminary Bill Staines, Outrageous Fortune decided to record its own CD.

     The record includes folk standards such as "Nine Pound Hammer" and "Wayfaring Stranger," the best of Tin Pan Alley -- "Lazy Bones" and "I Can't Give You Anything But Love" -- and original tunes by Welles, the soothing "Lullaby" and spirit-filled "Brown Bear Pass."

     Thomas, who has written a 23-page booklet on the harmonica and created the cover art for Lazybones, contributes great playing all the way through. "Red Haired Boy" has a Celtic flavor and Rod contributes a "super duper amplified" solo on Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away." Whether it's reworked rock, rollicking bluegrass or blues straight up, Lazybones is great fun.


The Limits of Policy Change: Incrementalism, Worldview and the Rule of Law
By Michael T. Hayes, Georgetown University Press, Washington D.C., 2001. 216 pp.

Michael Hayes offers a vigorous defense of incrementalism: the theory that the policymaking process typically should involve bargaining, delay, compromise and, therefore, incremental change. Incrementalism, he argues, is one result of a checks-and-balances system in which politicians may disagree over what we want to achieve as a nation or what policies would best achieve shared goals.

     Many political scientists have called for reforms that would facilitate majority rule and more radical policy change by strengthening the presidency at the expense of Congress. But Hayes develops policy typologies and analyzes case studies to show that the policy process works best when it conforms to the tenets of incrementalism. He contends that because humans are fallible, politics should work through social processes to achieve limited ends and to ameliorate -- rather than completely solve -- social problems. Analyzing the evolution of air pollution policy, the failure of President Clinton's health care reform in 1994 and the successful effort at welfare reform in 1995-96, Hayes calls for changes that would make incrementalism work better by encouraging a more balanced struggle among social interests and by requiring political outcomes to conform to the rule of law.

     Written for students and specialists in politics, public policy and public administration, The Limits of Policy Change examines in detail a central issue in democratic theory.

-- From the publisher

Hayes is professor of political science and department chair at Colgate.
Patterns in the Sky: An Introduction to Ethnoastronomy
By Stephen M. Fabian '78, Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, IL, 2001. 125 pp.

Since the beginning of humankind, people around the world have had a strong interest in the powers and beings perceived in the sky. This compelling short work helps students fully understand and appreciate the ways in which non-Western indigenous and small-scale societies perceive, conceptualize and make use of what they astronomically observe.

     With its concise explanations of prominent astronomical phenomena, discussions of relevant crosscultural examples and instructive suggestions for active field research, Patterns in the Sky is a unique and practical guide for doing ethnoastronomy. In addition, Fabian offers exercises in observational astronomy with the naked eye so that students will get closer in touch with the cosmos and natural world around them.

     "This highly accessible text is tightly organized, enhanced by wonderful epigrams and complemented by solid exercises that make the Others' understanding of the sky meaningful to the indoor Western mind," writes Russell B. Colgate Professor of Astronomy and Anthropology Tony Aveni.

-- From the dust jacket

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