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REVIEWS

Tina Rosenberg's review of Marguerite Feitlowitz's A Lexicon of Terror: Argentina and the Legacies of Torture as reprinted in the July Scene, is available online at the New York Times Books website. Click here to read the review.

NOTE: The New York Times website requires registration, which is free.


Kids' Book of Hockey: Skills, Strategies, Equipment, and the Rules of the Game
By John Sias '52, Carol Publishing Group,1997.

by Murray Decock '80
On April 1, 1990 the Colgate University men's hockey team played in the NCAA Division 1 championship game against the Wisconsin Badgers. While the Red Raiders were defeated in that contest, the accompanying enthusiasm, energy and excitement connected to that championship season was not lost on John Sias '52. Inspired by that game, Sias began working on this book shortly after the final whistle, in an effort to bring a broader understanding of this sport to others.

Sias grew up chasing a puck in Medford, MA, and developed this youthful interest in the game of hockey at Colgate University, where he played left wing for teams in the early 1950s. After a career in journalism and public relations, Sias returned to the game with this book on hockey basics. Originally intended for college students and National Hockey League fans new to the game, the publisher decided to market it to children as part of an expanded sports series that also included soccer and baseball.

The book comprises 650 questions and answers devoted to the rules, penalties, equipment, facilities, officials, scoring and history of the game. The final chapter addresses the advent of the spin-off sport "roller hockey," and the book closes with a brief glossary of basic hockey terminology. Throughout this volume of hockey facts, Sias also weaves interesting whimsical and humorous anecdotes that bring the game of hockey to life. "How many cans of soda will the Stanley Cup hold?" (approximately eight 12 oz. cans), or "What's the record for the most brothers involved in one N.H.L. game?" (six, all Sutters).

Whether you learned your hockey from the encyclopedic Stan Fischler, the more animated Howie Meeker or even Hockey Night in Canada's "Peter Puck," this simple straightforward guide to the fastest game on earth remains as informative as it is refreshing. And for anyone who has an appreciation for Colgate hockey in particular, this text -- dedicated to Terry Slater (Colgate hockey coach 1978-1991), edited by Red Raider head coach Don Vaughan, read and critiqued by Brian Durocher (former assistant coach and acting head coach), encouraged by Mike Milbury '74 (former Colgate captain, general manager/coach of the New York Islanders) and with a back cover testimonial by Bruce Gardiner '94 (former Colgate captain, playing for the Ottawa Senators) -- has the unmistakable handprints of many Colgate coaches and players.

A former Red Raider hockey player, Decock is director of annual support.


Bitita's Diary: The Childhood Memoirs of Carolina Maria de Jesus
Robert M. Levine, Editor; M.E. Sharpe, Inc., Publisher, 1997. 178 pp.
  The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor 1940-42
By Robert M. Levine; Duke University Press, 1998.

by Rebecca Costello
Robert M. Levine, professor of history and director of Latin American studies at the University of Miami, Coral Gables, has recently added two more volumes to his list of publications. As editor of M.E. Sharpe's new Latin American Realities Series, he also took the editor's role for the first book in the series, Bitita's Diary. With Duke University Press he produced the pictorial book The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor 1940-42.

Bitita's Diary is a memoir of the early years of Carolina Maria de Jesus (1915-1977), a destitute, black woman from the rural interior of Brazil who sought work and a better life in the industrial city of São Paulo. Nicknamed Bitita as a young girl, this great-grandchild of slaves taught herself to read and eventually gained notoriety when her diary, Quarto de Despejo (The Garbage Room) was published in 1960, becoming the best-selling book in Brazilian history.

Levine writes in the Foreword: "Bitita's Diary . . . reveals details about a world virtually unknown to contemporary educated Brazilians. Bitita . . . "helvetica, sans-serif"d appalling obstacles. What she "helvetica, sans-serif"d as an impoverished, illiterate black child and young woman, and how she survived to ultimately better her life, is both telling and inspirational. Her memoir, ably translated by Emanuelle Oliveira and Beth Joan Vinkler, stands as one of the most compelling testimonies about race, class, status and gender ever written about rural Latin America in the early twentieth century."

". . . She was raised as a pariah even though she showed keen intelligence; later, when she was given the opportunity to attend school for two years, she developed a love of reading that would transform her life . . . The ability to see good in the midst of suffering characterized her personality. This optimistic side, in fact, nurtured her and kept her going, and it made her introspective writing more interesting than had she emphasized the bitter disappointments of her life," says Levine in the book's introduction.

In 1940, Genevieve Naylor, one of the first photojournalists hired by the Associated Press who also worked for the WPA, was sent to Brazil by the Office of Inter-American Affairs, whose mission was to cultivate Latin America's support for the Allies in World War II. In carrying out her assignment of providing propaganda photographs, she took an extraordinary opportunity to surpass her mundane duties -- and created a unique view of everyday life during one of modern Brazil's least-examined decades. More than 1,350 of those photographs survive today, and with The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor 1940-42 Levine offers an extraordinary volume of 101 of those images, supported by analysis of her work as social documents.

"This study emphasizes what Naylor's experiences and output reveal about the photographer and about the country in which she worked. Her resistance of the limitations her superiors tried to impose on her and her sense of fascination of her subjects make her compositions valuable historical documents," writes Levine in the Introduction. Among her varied subjects are a lovely view of downtown Rio de Janeiro, facing the Teatro Municipal; a poor family of nine posing in their best, though patched, clothing; fashionably dressed women walking in front of the Copacabana Palace Hotel; a group of Afro-Brazilian women in costume at a Carnival celebration; an adolescent boy working at a cobbler's bench; an accordionist making his living in an open-air market; a group of youths spoofing Hitler, Mussolini and the Japanese emperor in a pro-Allies skit; and uniformed children at a school lunch table.

Three opening chapters provide details of Naylor's life as well as a setting for the viewer of her photographs: a description of Latin American culture during WWII and background on the wartime relationship between Brazil and the United States.